Kinetics of Arsenic Contaminated Soils Remediation with Arthrobacter nicotiniae and Klebsiella pneumoniae

Eguakhide Atikpo, Blessing E Eboibi


This work is on bioremediation of soils contaminated with arsenic (As) using Arthrobacter nicotiniae (A. nicotiniae) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) with a special focus on the kinetics of the bioremediation. The organisms were indigenous to the treated soils. They were respectively inoculated into 5 g each of soils samples dressed to attain a condition preset with optimum influencers earlier screened from first phase of remediation study. The samples were studied on 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days for residual As, and the laboratory results were assessed with four kinetics models.  The tested models well described the bioremediation process. However, bioremediation with A. nicotiniae was overwhelmed by chemical process and the bioremediation with K. pneumoniae was taken charge of by physical process as determined from the rate-limiting steps of chemisorption and diffusion for the influences of A. nicotiniae and K. pneumoniae respectively. This is vital for the design and operation of an effective treatment system.

Keywords - Kinetics, soils, bioremediation, systems

Full Text:



Adigun, O. and Kayode, S. (2019). Environmental assessment of surface water/coal deposit interaction from trace minerals in Okaba coal field, Okaba North Central Nigeria. FUOYE Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4(2): 52-57.

Atikpo, E. (2016). Spatial Distribution and attenuation of heavy metals pollution in Amaonye Ishiagu Forest Soils. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Atikpo, E., Agori, J. E., Peretomode, M. T., Micheal, A. and Ofonedu, E. C. (2019). Kinetic study of biosorption of arsenic from soil using microorganisms. Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH), 38(3): 777-783.

Badmus, M.A.O., Audu, T.O.K. and Anyata, B.U. (2007). Removal of lead ion from industrial wastewaters by activated carbon prepared from Periwinkle shells (Typanotonus fuscatus). Turkish Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, 31: 251-263.

Boparai, H.K., Joseph, M. and O’Carroll, D.M. (2011). Kinetics and thermodynamics of cadmium ion removal by adsorption onto nano zerovalent iron particles. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 186(1): 458-465.

Boyle, S. L., Dick, V. B. and Ramsdell, M. N. (1999). Enhanced in-situ bioremediation of a chlorinated VOC site using injectable HRC™. Hazardous and Industrial Wastes, 31: 47-58.

Chessebrough, M. (2000). Disrict Laboratory Pactice in Troppical Countries, Part 2, Cambridge low Price Edition, Cambridge University Press, London.

Deepali, A. (2011). Bioremediation of Chromium (VI) from textile industry’s effluent and contaminated soil using Pseudomonas putida. Iranian (Iranica) Journal of Energy and Environment, 2(1): 24-31.

Girma, G. (2015). Microbial bioremediation of some heavy metals in soils: an updated review. Indian Journal of Scientific Research, 6(1): 147.

Holt, J.C. (ED) (1994). The Shorter Bergeys Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, Eight Edition, Williams and Willkins Company, Baltimore.

Ihimekpen, N. I., Atikpo, E., Ojo-Kayode, N. and Michael, A. (2020). Abilities of three organisms for cleaning cadmium contaminated soils. Iranian (Iranica) Journal of Energy and Environment, 11(2): 163-170.

Kang, C. H., Kwon, Y. J. and So, J. S. (2016). Bioremediation of heavy metals by using bacterial mixtures. Ecological Engineering, 89: 64-69.

Kulshreshtha, A., Agrawal, R., Barar, M. and Saxena, S. (2014). A review on bioremediation of heavy metals in contaminated water. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 8(7): 44-50.

Kure, J. T., Gana, M., Emmanuel, A., Isah, R. M. and Ukubuiwe, C. C. (2018). Bacteria associated with heavy metal remediation: a review. International Journal of Applied Biological Research, 9(1): 134 -148.

Musa, J. J., Mustapha, H. I., Bala, J. D. Ibrahim, Y. Y., Akos, M. P., Daniel, E. S., Oguche, F. M. and Kuti, I. A. (2017). Heavy metals in agricultural soils in Nigeria: a review. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment, 13(5):593-603.

Owamah, H.I. (2014). Biosorptive removal of Pb (II) and Cu (II) from wastewater using activated carbon from cassava peels. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 16(2): 347-358.

Ray, S. A. and Ray, M. K. (2009). Bioremediation of heavy metal toxicity-with special reference to chromium. Al Ameen Journal of Medical Sciences, 2(2): 57-63.

Salawu, K., Owolarafe, T. A., Barau, M. M., Lawal, T. A., Abubakar, M. A. Fadilu, M., and Nwachukwu, F. C. (2014). Determination of selected heavy metals in seasonal River in Maru Town, Zamfara State, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 4(21): 11-14.

Singh, S. and Gupta, V. K. (2016). Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Pollutants: Perspectives Strategies and Applications. International Journal of Pharmacology and Biological Sciences, 10(1): 53.

Valdman, E., Erijman, L., Pessoa, F. L. P. and Leite, S. G. F. (2001).Continuous biosorption of Cu and Zn by immobilized waste biomass Sargassum sp. Process Biochemistry, 36(8-9): 869-873.

Vijaya, C. B., Kiran, K., and Nagendrappa. G. (2010). Assessment of heavy metals in water samples of certain locations situated around Tumkur, Karnataka, India. CODEN ECJHAO E-Journal of Chemistry. 7(2): 349-352.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Powered by ICT and Faculty of Engineering, FUOYE

Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Faculty of Engineering, FUOYE

image The FUOYEJET website and her metadata are licensed under CC BY-NC