Development of a Wheelchair Automator

Adeniran Badejoko-Okunade, Adefemi Adekunle, Oluwole Arowolo, Samuel Adejuyigbe

Abstract


The first wheelchair model could be traced to the 5th, 6th and later in 18th century. However, tremendous development and great achievements in this field started mid of 20th century. Since that time, varieties of models have been designed, leading to wide range of products. This work involves the development of an automator (ergonomically attachment) to convert a manual wheelchair into an electric wheelchair for domestic use by Nigerian physically disabled people who could not pay the high cost of a ready-made motorized or an electric-powered wheelchair. A gear motor and drive system has been integrated in this automator for convenience and easy control for the user. Two units of 12v batteries and breaking system has also been integrated into this work and by this, obtained an automatic wheelchair which can be driven with the possibility of avoiding obstacles by the use of the obstacle detection components. In addition, obstacle detection component is also incorporated to the system to serve as added alert feature in case the wheelchair is been used by a blind user. The automator which is attached to the wheelchair has been developed to enhance easy and long distance movement. It helped the disabled move around without external interference. A manual wheelchair does not give sufficient mobility, it has a limited range and is very difficult to use on rough and harsh terrain. This work is designed as a solution to this problem by combining the comfort and maneuverability of a wheelchair with the capability and efficiency to move about. This work will benefit the physically challenged people.

Keywords—Automator, obstacle detection, electric-powered wheelchair, wheel chair, mobility. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ability Tools (2013). History of the Wheelchair. https://abilitytools.org/blog/history-of-the-wheelchair, accessed 25 June 2020.

Anirudh, Tadakamalla Shanmukh and Jyoti Pragyan Satpathy (2014). Design of Motorised Wheelchair, Department of Industrial Design, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela

Bellis, Mary (2017). History of the Wheelchair, available from thoughtco.com, accessed May 2020.

Disabled Living Foundation (2020). Factsheet for choosing a power wheelchair, Retrieved from https://www.dlf.org.uk/

Everest, H. A., Jennings, H. C. (1937). Folding wheelchair, US Patent 2095411.

Flaherty, Joseph (2012). Putting the Wheel back in Wheelchair', available from www.wired.com/design/2012/05/wheelchair/, accessed May 2020

Hsu, P.E., Yeh Liang Hsu, Kai Wei Chang and Claudius Geiser (2012). Mobility assistance design of the Intelligent Robotic Wheelchair, International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, volume 9, pp. 1-10.

Jiji (2020a). Wheelchair Tricycle. Available from https://jiji.ng/lagos/medical-equipment/, accessed June 2020

Jiji (2020b). Wheelchair, available from https://jiji.ng/302-wheel-chairs, accessed June 2020

Jumia (2020). Wheelchair, available from https://www.jumia.com.ng/medical-supplies-threshold-wheelchair-ramps/, Accessed 25 June 2020.

Kandasamy, R., Sachin Raut, Deep Varma, Ganesh There, (2013) Design of Solar Tricycle for Handicapped Person”, volume 5, issue 2, pp.11-24.

Koerth-Baker, Maggie (2017). Who Invented the Wheelchair? Available from mentalfloss.com, accessed May 2020.

Konga (2020). Portable Wheelchair, available from https://www.konga.com/product/portable-wheelchair-4644901, accessed June 2020

Leishman, F., O. Horn, G. Bourhis (2009).” Smart wheelchair control through a deictic approach”, Robotics and Autonomous Systems. Volume 58, pp. 1148-1158

Lockton D., (2004) Wheelchair, Drive 241 (1) 5-68

Lucas, H.V., Woude V., DeGroot, S. and Janssen, T.W.J., (2005). Manual wheelchairs: Research and innovation in rehabilitation, sports, daily life with health, Medical Engineering & Physics, volume 28, pp. 905–915.

Murray, John Lawn (2003) “Study of Stair Climbing Assistive Mechanisms for the Disabled”, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Volume 11, No.3, pp. 323-332.

Nag, P.K., J.T. Panikar, M.G. Malvankar, C.K. Pradhan and S.K.

Chatterjee, (1982). Performance evaluation of lower extremity disabled people with reference to hand-cranked tricycle propulsion”, Applied Ergonomics, volume 13.3, pp. 171-176.

Peizer, Edward, Wright D W., (1987) “Five years of wheelchair evaluation”, Veterans Administration Prosthetics Center

Quaglia, G., Walter Franco and Riccardo Oderio (2011). Wheelchairq- a motorized wheelchair with stair climbing ability, Mechanism and Machine Theory, volume 46, pp.1601-1608.

Thoughtco (2019). History of the Wheelchair. Available from https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-the-wheelchair-1992670. Accessed 25 June 2020

Wheelchair Information (2017). History of Wheelchairs, available from wheelchair-information.com, accessed May 2020.

Wikipedia (2020). Wheelchair, available from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheelchair




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46792/fuoyejet.v5i2.516

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Powered by ICT and Faculty of Engineering, FUOYE

Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Faculty of Engineering, FUOYE

image The FUOYEJET website and her metadata are licensed under CC BY-NC