Effect of Iron Ore Tailings Particle Sizes on the Thermal Properties of Epoxy and Polypropylene Matrix Composites

Johnson O Oyebode, Vivian N Mbagwu, Modupe A Onitiri, Olayinka O Adewumi


Thermal properties of materials such as plastic matrix composite is one of the important parameters for determining their behaviour and relevant applications. This present work focuses on determining the thermal behaviour of epoxy and polypropylene (PP) matrix composite reinforced with iron ore tailings (IOT) particulates of sizes 150 µm, 212 µm and 300 µm at various loadings of 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%. The thermal behaviour of the developed composites was investigated experimentally using a KD2 pro thermal analyser. The results obtained from the experiment showed that increasing filler loading in epoxy leads to increased specific heat capacity and thermal resistivity. The maximum values recorded for the thermal resistivity and specific heat capacity were 0. 592°C.m/W and 2.352 J/kgK respectively. Thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of values 0.168W/mK and 0.089 mm²/s respectively were the lowest obtained for the epoxy matrix composite. It was also observed that addition of IOT in PP had significant effect on the thermal properties of the PP composite. Thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity were found to increase with increased particle loading compared to the pure PP sample; the highest value being 2.235 W/mK and 5.51 mm²/s for thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity respectively while low values of 0.05 Cm/W and 0.371 J/kgK was recorded for thermal resistivity and specific heat capacity. The presence of iron ore tailings reduces the thermal conductivity and diffusivity in epoxy but increases the conductivity and diffusivity in polypropylene

Keywords— Composite, Epoxy, IOT, Polypropylene, Composite, Thermal Conductivity

Full Text:



Adedayo S. M. and Onitiri M. A (2012a), Tensile of iron ore tailings filled epoxy composites, The West Indian J. of Engineering. 35, No. 1, 51-59

Adedayo S. M. and Onitiri M. A (2012b) “Mechanical properties of iron ore tailings filled-polypropylene composites”, Journals of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering. Vol. 11, No. 7, pp. 671-678

Adepoju, S.O. and Olaleye, B.M., (2001), “Gravity concentration of silica sand from Itakpe iron-ore tailings by tabling operation”, Nigerian Journal of Engineering Management, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 51-55

Boudenne A, Ibos L, Fois M, Majeste JC, and Gehin E (2005), Electrical and thermal behaviour of polypropylene filled with copper particles, Composites: Part A. 36:1545-1554. DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.02.005

Brito Z and Sanchez G (2000), Influence of metallic fillers on the thermal and mechanical behavior in composites of epoxy matrix, Composite Structures, Vol 48, pp79 – 81.

Brown C., Milke M., Recycling disaster waste: feasibility, method and effectiveness, Resource. Conservation. Recycling. 106 (2016) 21–32.

Hwang C.L., Huynh T.P., Effect of alkali-activator and rice husk ash content on strength development of fly ash and residual rice husk ash-based geopolymers, Constr. Build. Mater. 101 (2015) 1–9.

Katsura T, Kamal M. R and Utracki L. A (1986), Electrical and Thermal Properties of Propylene Filled with Steel Fibers, by T. Katsura, M. R. Adv. Polym. Technol., 6, (1986).

Ouyang, Abaqus F. Implementation of Creep Failure in Polymer Matrix Composites with Transverse Isotropy. M.Sc. Thesis, Graduate Faculty of the University of Akron. U.S.A (2005).

Olukayode D. Akinyemi, Y. S. (2012). Determination of Thermal Properties of Rock Samples Using modified thermal block. Earth Science India, eISSN: 0974 – 8350, 4-5.

Onitiri M. A and Adedayo S. M (2015), Compressive behaviour of polypropylene filled with iron ore tailings, J. of Engineering, Design and Technology, 13, No. 2, 198-212, (2015).

Onitiri M. A. and Akinlabi E. T (2017), Effects of particle size and particle loading on the tensile properties of iron-ore-tailing-filled epoxy and polypropylene composites. Mechanics of Composite Materials, Vol. 52, No. 6, January, 2017

Ravichandran G. and Liu C. T. (1995), Modelling Constitutive Behaviour of Particulate Composites Undergoing Dam- age, International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 32, No. 6-7, pp. 979-990

Rutkowski P, Piekarczyk W, Stobierski L, Go´rny G. (2013) Anisotropy of elastic properties and thermal conductivity of Al2O3/h-BN composites. J Therm Anal Calorim. doi:10.1007/s10973- 013-3246-5

Van Dommelen J. A. W, Brekelmans W. A. M and F. P. T. Baaijens (2003), A Numerical Investigation of the Potential of Rubber and Mineral Particles for Toughening of Semi- Crystalline Polymers, Computational Materials Science, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 480-492

Watthanaphon C, Daisuke F, Shuichi T, Hideyuki U, and Yoshiyuki I, Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene/Boron Nitride Composites Fiber Amenity Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui 910-8507, Japan

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46792/fuoyejet.v5i2.507


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Powered by ICT and Faculty of Engineering, FUOYE

Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Faculty of Engineering, FUOYE

image The FUOYEJET website and her metadata are licensed under CC BY-NC